There are different types of Forex companies. To be more specific there are two. A Market Maker, and an STP Broker. The ‘type’ refers to the method with which a company executes its orders and provides its prices.
An STP broker stands for Straight Through Processing. Forex companies which operate as STP brokers execute their orders without a dealing desk or third party intervention, which means information that has been electronically entered to be transferred from one party to another is not manually re-entered repeatedly over the entire sequence of events.
When an STP broker receives a client’s order, the order automatically gets passed to the liquidity provider with whom the Forex broker is working. The liquidity provider is a financial institution such as bank or a hedge fund and in some cases any company which is licensed to be a liquidity provider. Some Forex brokers have several liquidity providers, and that means they can offer better services. A lot of STP brokers will use Banks which trade on the Interbank market as their liquidity providers. The Interbank market is the top level Forex market where banks exchange different currencies.
The fact that there is no dealing desk intervention assures that there will be no delays in the execution of orders, and no re-quotes will be sent to clients, and that is a big advantage for traders because it means they will be receiving real time prices, and be able to trade during the release of financial news without restrictions.